Turkey-Syria Earthquake Response 2023

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©Turkish Red Crescent

A magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck Turkey’s south-eastern border close to northern part of Syria on 6 February 2023, with several aftershocks which also recorded around magnitude 7.0. The disaster took lives of nearly 60,000 people, left tens of thousands injured and at least 450,000 buildings damaged or collapsed. Many have lost their loved ones, homes and are still spending their days in temporary shelters.

Voice of a survivor
“Suddenly we were in total darkness, as if the earth was going to swallow us all up. I felt I was going to die, my child was crying, my wife was screaming, and after nine hours we heard voices approaching and some people dug my wife and child out of the rubble. …After we had all lost hope, fortunately we were all able to see the sky again. This incident will stay with us for years to come.”

Sub-zero temperatures in the devastated areas caused the harsh humanitarian condition in addition to the impacts of protracted crisis and economic sanctions in Syria. Both the Turkish Red Crescent Society (TRCS) and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) mobilized their emergency response teams right after the earthquake and provided various kinds of assistance to the affected populations. We, as the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, will continue to support the affected people in coordination with TRCS and SARC.

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement Response (IFRC, ICRC, each National Society)

TRCS and SARC have been providing a wide range of support such as search and rescue, food and water distribution, shelter, medical services, and psychosocial support in order to protect the lives, health, and dignity of those affected.

Turkish Red Crescent Society

20230515-80f1ec004e23a54cf7257fa13d47a95b439118c3.JPGmobile medical care by Turkish Red Crescent ©JRCS

Shelter:distribution of non-food items and helping relocation to container sites from tents
Food security:distribution of hot meals and ready-to-eat packages at more than 1,000 distribution points
Health and medical services:providing health and medical care for remote areas by Mobile Health Unit (MHU)
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH):distribution of bottled water and hygiene kits such as diapers
Cash assistance:providing cash support through several Multi-purpose cash assistance program
Blood:provision of blood products, imlpementation of blood donation campaign

Syrian Arab Red Crescent

Basic Assistance:distribution of food, nutritious supplements, hygiene kits, blankets, sleeping bags and other items
Search and Rescue:rescue from the collapsed buildings and provide first aid services, and transfer to hospital
Health and medical services:mobilization of MHU, maternal and child health services, distribution of medications, and psychosocial support
WASH:distribution of bottled water and hygiene kits, and instalment of water purification tanks
Restoring family links:assist reunion of separated families by providing information and such
Protection, gender and inclusion:implementation of prevention and awareness-rising projects against gender-based violence


Distribution of food by SARC ©Jani Savolainen/IFRC

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

IFRC and ICRC have launched each Emergency Appeals to respond to the earthquakes in Turkey and Syria.

▶IFRC-Emergency Appeal
Funding requirements for Turkey: 400million CHF (approx. JPY 60billion)
Funding requirements for Syria: 100million CHF (approx. JPY 15billion)

▶ICRC-Budget Extension Appeal
Funding requirements for Turkey: 2.6million CHF (approx. JPY 390million)
Funding requirements for Syria: 29million CHF (approx. JPY 4.3billion)

*calculation exchange rate 1CHF = 150JPY

20230515-137e61d97b56b472c7233d6571d6e75a52b7e8e7.jpgTransporting aid supplies to SARC ©IFRC

Japanese Red Cross Society has…


In a Mobile healthcare vehicle, JRCS’s pharmacist working closely with a local nurse in Syria ©JRCS

▶Launched the fundraising campaign “2023 Turkey-Syria Earthquake Relief Fund” :
The Japanese Red Cross Society has set up the “2023 Turkey-Syria Earthquake Relief Fund” to support emergency relief and reconstruction activities by RCRC movement including TRCS, SARC, IFRC and ICRC (closed in end of May 2023).

▶Implemented: 3.65 billion JPY activities in total (as of July 25th, 2023) :
-Emergency cash contribution to the Appeals
-In-kind donations of relief items, vehicles, and medical supplies
-Bilateral cash contribution for procurement of WASH trailers and medications
-Deployment of medical delegates to support operations on the ground (Pharmacists and a Health Coordinator)



TRCS staff preparing hot meals in Turkey ©TRCS


JRCS staff and people from Kahramanmaraş, one of the hardest hit areas in Turkey©TRCS


Vehicles contributed to TRCS from JRCS ©JRCS


Relief items being sent to Turkey ©IFRC

The JRCS will continue to provide medium-long term support for reconstruction with RCRC movement including TRCS and SARC

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