The Japanese Red Cross Society’s Response to the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake Disaster (as of 2 May)

1. Details of the Response of the Japanese Red Cross Society

(1) Medical Emergency Team Operation (as of 10.00pm, 1 May)

Status The number of the medical emergency team Active areas Involving prefectural chapters
Ongoing Operation 32 Kami-mashiki, Aso, and Kumamoto Hokkaido, Miyagi, Yamagata, Fukushima, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Toyama, Fukui, Aichi, Shiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo, Nara, Wakayama, Tottori, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi, Tokushima, Ehime, Kochi, Fukuoka, Oita, Kagoshima, and Okinawa

NB: The Japanese Red Cross Society is dispatching several dERUs*, and a number of medical staff of Japanese Red Cross Hospitals are participating in DMAT.**

*dERU: Domestic Emergency Response Unit (dERU) is a mobile medical unit. One “Temporary Clinic / Hospital Unit” is comprised of a truck with automatic lift and lowering capability, the container, the standardised equipment kept inside the vehicle, and the 14 trained professionals who work inside. There are 2 medical doctors, 2 head nurses, 4 regular nurses, 1 maternity nurse, 1 pharmacist, and 4 administrators, in general.

** DMAT: Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) is a group of professional medical personnel and administrators organised by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan.


Providing medical session for preventing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) symptom, so-called ‘economy-class syndrome’. Significant aspect of the Kumamoto Earthquake Disaster is that tremors have been occurring repeatedly; and therefore, many people are sleeping at their cars – small space - due to the fear of possible collapse of their houses with sudden quakes. This situation causes a number of people suffering from DVT.

Play Space.jpg

Set-up play spaces in a tent of a dERU for the evacuated children

(2) Japanese Red Cross Society Disaster Medical Co-ordinate Team
The Japanese Red Cross Society has dispatched the Japanese Red Cross Society Disaster Medical Co-ordinate Team to the disaster affected zone. The team is a group of professional, who plans and coordinates an emergency medical relief operation, and gives advice to the relevant relief actors and organisations.

(3) Psychosocial Support

Status The number of the care staff
Ongoing Operation 7

(4) Medical Personnel: Support Staff to Kumamoto Red Cross Hospital from Other Red Cross Hospitals in Japan

Status The number of the medical personnel (doctors, nurses, and administrators)
Ongoing Operation 49

(5) The Headquarters and Chapters of the Japanese Red Cross Society
The Headquarters in Tokyo and chapters throughout Japan have been active, operating on 24-hour schedules, since major quake hit Kumamoto on 14 April. Fifteen Japanese Red Cross officials have been deployed to Kumamoto.

(6) Distribution of the Number of the Relief Supplies to the Affected People in the Evacuation Centres, etc.

Blankets Sleeping mats with pillows Emergency kits* Tarpaulins (waterproof plastic sheets)
18,980 6,401 654 11,200

* Mobile radio, electric torch, toothbrush, towel, wet tissue, work gloves, ointment, bandage, etc.

Sleeping mats with pillows

(7) Japanese Red Cross Society Volunteers
a. Kumamoto Chapter

Date Activities
15 April Transported aid supplies
16 April Being dispatched to medical relief teams
17 April Established the Kumamoto Chapter Disaster Volunteer Centre
Since 22 April Collected information with the Mashiki-town Disaster Volunteer Centre

b. Other Chapters of the Japanese Red Cross Society
The Japanese Red Cross Society volunteers have been carrying out operations since 15 April. Some of them are also working for the Mashiki-town Disaster Volunteer Centre.

(8) International Donation
The Japanese Red Cross Society accepts international cash contributions to its humanitarian assistance for the people affected by the earthquakes which hit Kumamoto. Please see the following link:

2. Outline of the Disaster (Source: the Japan Meteorological Agency)
Location: Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan

(1) Major Quakes:
14 April 9.26pm, 6.5 Magnitude
15 April 0.03am, 6.4 Magnitude
16 April 1.25am, 7.3 Magnitude

(2) Magnitude of Earthquake: 7.3 (estimated)
Time of earthquake: 1.25am, 16 April, 2016
Epicentre: Kumamoto area of Kumamoto Prefecture (32.8°N, 130.8°E)
Depth of hypocentre: 10km (tentative)


3. Disaster Relief Act
Disaster Relief Act has been adapted.

4. Damages

Human Casualties

Prefecture Death Serious injuries
Kumamoto 66 333
Oita 4
Saga 4
Miyazaki 3
Fukuoka 1
TOTAL 66 345

(as of 8.00am 30 April by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency: FDMA)

Structural Damages
It has been estimated that the total number of 10,236 up to 10,336 residential houses were damages, which include total collapse. (Source: Kumamoto Disaster Prevention Measures Head Office)


5. The Situation of the Evacuation Centre
(as of 8.00am 30 April by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency: FDMA)

Prefecture The number of the evacuation centre The number of the evacuee As of Date As of Time
Kumamoto 444 30,629 29 April 1.30pm
Oita 8 214 29 April 7.00pm
TOTAL 452 30,843