Programme implementation structure

1. Implementation of the JRCS Relief and Recovery programmes

(1) Geographical areas to be supported
The projects started in March 2011 for the main target areas of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima, where extensive and devastating damage was caused by the GEJET.
In some of the projects, in addition to these three affected prefectures, the affected areas in Aomori, Ibaraki,Tochigi, Chiba and Nagano, and the people who were evacuated mainly from Fukushima to places throughout Japan due to the effects of the nuclear power plant accident were supported.

(2) Forms of support
The forms of support for the Relief and Recovery Programmes can be divided into the following three categories:

Figure 5-5 The forms of support for the JRCS Relief and Recovery programmes
Categories The forms of support Content of support
1 Donation of materials Support to provide materials that were lost in the disaster
2 Support of personnel, knowledge, and experience Support through which the JRCS directly provides services to the disaster victims
3 Subsidies Support subsidizing the expenses for constructing facilities and purchasing equipment (the JRCS makes a decision on the support after discussions with the Prefectures and the Municipalities)

2. Programme implementation process

Although the project on “donating electrical household appliances packages” had already started as of May 9, 2011, the JRCS’s implementation process for the GEJET Relief and Recovery Programmes after May 9 was determined in parallel with the project as follows.

(1) Conclusion of agreements
When the Partner National Societies overseas expressed their support for the recovery assistance programmes of the GEJET, the JRCS exchanged the “Agreement Concerning the Great East Japan Earthquake Relief and Recovery Programme” with these PNSs, as necessary. In the agreement, the JRCS emergency relief, early recovery, recovery programme, transfer and use of funds, accounting and audits, reports and other matters are described.
The JRCS International Department monitored and managed the reception status of overseas donation at the following three time points: at the expression of support, at the conclusion of an agreement, and at the reception of donated funds.

(2) Planning of projects
The JRCS draws up a plan for relief and recovery programme funded by the donation from overseas based on the requests of the affected areas and needs assessments and implemented the projects after selecting the suppliers.

The planning of projects generally consists of the planning based on specific requests from the affected areas (request-driven planning) and the planning based on ideas proposed by the JRCS (project idea-driven planning). However, there were many cases in which a programme was constructed through repeated discussions with the affected Prefecture and other communities from the beginning to satisfy their needs.

Examples of request-driven planning include “support for constructing temporary gymnasiums”, “support for a community bus” and the “donation of food radiation detectors”.
Examples of project idea-driven planning include “donation of electrical household appliances packages”, “organisation of mobile indoor play areas” and the “implementation of Nordic walking”.

In addition, a “subsidy for pneumonia vaccines for the elderly” is an example of the projects that the JRCS has constructed based on repeated discussions with the affected prefectures and other communities.