The Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake Information

A string of earthquakes that hit the Niigata prefecture, northern Japan. The initial earthquake of magnitude 6.8 struck at 17:56 pm local time on Saturday 23 Oct0ber, but many aftershocks followed up to now.The tremors, deadliest in Japan since 1995 when the city of Kobe devastated, came within days of the country's worst typhoon in a quarter of the century. Typhoon Tokage's torrential rains last week are blamed for leaving hillsides unstable, contributing to huge mudslides brought on by the earthquakes.

(1) Damages (by Gov. of Japan as of 9 am, 3 December )

Human
Death : 40 Missing : 0 Injured : 2,999

House
Completely destroyed : 2,632 Destroyed : 8,741 Partly damaged : 79,321

There are some people who died of the disease called "economy class syndrome". It is said that when people don't move for long time, blood vessel can choke with the lump of blood and it can cause the death. Sometimes this kind of syndrome happens to the person who is sitting for long time in narrow economy class seat in airplane.
A few people were suspected to die of this syndrome in Niigata. They didn't have enough space to move around easily while they were sleep in their own vehicles.

There are 45 dam-like places where landslide retained river stream and the water rose as high as 10 meters. Geographical Survey Institute found it by analyzing aerial photograph of the affected places. According to the Geographical Survey Institute, there are 32 dam-like places in Yamakoshi village, 8 in Ojiya city, 2 each in Nagaoka city and Hirokami village, and 1 in Kawaguchi town. There is a fear that this dam-like place might collapse and cause a mud flood. The government is working to reduce the mud to drain the water.

The prefectural government decided to finish building temporary housings in the middle of December. Temporary housings have been required by the evacuees since it might snow heavily in the end of December. The government said the housings required from the town office in the affected areas are counted as 3,722. At this time, 2,772 housings have been built. The prefectural government said it would take a month to establish all housing complex.

(2) JRCS Actions

Relief items distributed to the affected areas

Blanket : 19,294 Food items : 1,695 Daily expendable set : 700
Sleeping set : 4,845 mat : 18,600 cloth : 59,641

JRCS relief teams
As of 3rd December, JRCS dispatched a total of 121 relief teams (944 staff) in the affected areas and treated about 11,568 victims. Major diseases include cold, bruise, sprain, high blood pressure, mental stress, backache and neuralgia. Currently, 3 relief teams are carrying out their treatment in 3 shelters.

Mental care activities
On Saturday 30th October, JRCS established a mental care center in Ojiya city. Before this center had established, JRCS staff for mental care were doing their activities as part of each relief team. The staff of the center will go around the shelters and treat the people who are traumatized. They are having a talk with evacuees and listening to them to share their present concern. Currently, 4,103 evacuees were treated. The mental care center was closed on 22nd November. But JRCS are still carrying on the mental care activities.

-Psychological Support Program (PSP) in the Mid Niigata prefecture Earthquake-
Dr. Toshiharu Makishima
More than 100,000 people were forced to evacuate and 40 people were killed by the earthquake that had hit the rural mountainous area of Niigata prefecture in Japan on 23 October. Comparing with the Great Hansin-Awaji earthquake in 1995, which recorded 6,800 deaths and 300,000 evacuees, the ratio of the number of evacuees to that of death is remarkably big because the people, been threatened by aftershocks, did not want to go back to their home and because lifelines were also severely damaged.
Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) sent medical relief teams with psychological support staffs to the affected areas and set up psychological support centers in Ojiya city and Nagaoka City. With close corporation among the local health system and other relief teams, they visited shelters for evacuees to give PS for 2 weeks, and in the next 2 weeks, pairs of PS staff made home visiting PS because most of the evacuees were going back to their homes.
This support program was enabled with the assistance from the Federation Reference Center for PSP. With the assistance, JRCS had trained 90 trainers for PSP in 91 Red Cross hospitals in order to train delegates with PSP in their hospitals.
During 4 weeks, from 24 October to 20 November, JRCS sent 126 PS staffs in total, composed with 55 trainers for PSP and 71 trained nurses for PSP, each for 5 days and supported 3,219 affected people to cope with their stress caused by the earthquake.
The most popular symptom seen among the affected people was insomnia and the incidence was about 30%, because strong and frequent aftershocks kept people alert. And terror was also very common feeling for them. The rate of elderly people was very high in the area and special regard was needed to support them. And children were so suffered from stress that regression and terror were observed often among them.

Donations to the victims of Mid Niigata Earthquake
As of 30 November, a total of \7.8 billions were donated to the victims through JRCS.

Chinese government donated 1,000,000 USD for the victims of the earthquake
On 29th October, Chinese ambassador in Japan, His Excellency Mr. Wang Yi visited JRSC headquarters and donated 1,000,000 USD for the victims of the recent earthquake in Niigata. He said 'I would like to express my sincere sympathy and condolence to the victims of the Earthquake. Japan in a neighboring country to China and we have a long history of cooperating each other. On behalf of Chinese people, I would like to give it to you.' The president of JRCS Mr. Shoichi Fujimori said ' China dispatched relief teams to Japan when the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 and the great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake of 1995 occurred. And this time also, China gave us great assistance. I would like to express my deepest gratitude to Chinese people.'

The first Cash Distribution Committee for Niigata Earthquake was held
The first meeting of the above-mentioned Committee was held in Niigata city on 20th November. Following the Disaster Preparedness Master Plan of the Niigata Prefecture, the Committee is set up under the Niigata Prefectural Office In order to achieve fair and smooth distribution of donated money for the earthquake victims, the Committee is mandated to decide distribution criteria and its implementing schedule and measure. JRCS is a member of the Committee.

Distribution criteria were decided as follows.

Distribution for Human damage per case
Deceased: 200,000 JPY
Seriously injured: 100,000 JPY

Distribution for Housing damage per case
Completely destroyed: 2,000,000 JPY
Large scale destroyed: 1,000,000 JPY
Half destroyed: 250,000 JPY
Partly destroyed: 50,000 JPY

Donation for the victims of the earthquake
JRCS has been accepting the donation to support the victims of the Niigata Earthquake since 25th October.
As of 6th December, total amount of the donation reaches 8,159,346,943 JPY by 380,970